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Nutrition - how to strengthen the body during illness?
Recommendations for healthy eating during illness
We have all heard the old saying: "we are what we eat." She never true, if you feel well. At this time, what and when you eat, will help maintain strength, strengthen the immune system and feel better faster.
But eating right is not so easy for people who are struggling with arthritis, cancer, depression and other illnesses that affect appetite. Therefore, we have compiled a list of nutrients you need, and added his advice on how to obtain them quickly and easily.
Power of Protein
Sure, "the most important nutrient, if you feel weak - is protein" - says Rachel Beller (Rachel Beller), a nutrition specialist, director of Counseling and Research Center of Oncology and nutrition to them. Brender at the Institute of Oncology. John Wayne, Santa Monica, California, USA. "We need protein to be strong and to maintain proper body weight."
If you have cancer, and you do not eat because of lack of appetite, "you can be reduced to a pulp to such an extent that the treatment will have to stop" - she said. To avoid this, "setting yourself up for that meal - it's medicine."
If you feel too ill to eat, drink high calorie beverages, offer Bellaire. "Take a little digestible dry protein (eg whey powder), place it in a blender, add almond milk (which is also easy to digest) and a few frozen berries. The mixture should be cool, but not too cold "- she said.
"You can add slices of banana and yogurt, so thick was the drink" - she said. "Mix and drink. The drink is rich in proteins (approximately 21 grams of protein, which equals approximately 85 grams of chicken), a 1 - 2 servings of fruit, and there are a lot of calcium, "- says Beller.
Another good option: "This healthy, high calorie foods like nuts, are usually well tolerated, if you feel sick" - she said. Almond butter, cashew butter and biscuits, soup and beans are also good sources of protein.
Pataki Sally (Sally Pataky), a nutrition specialist, recommends that his patients in the Cancer Center "City of Hope" (Duarte, Calif.) to use eggs, and milk shakes. "The chewing of food wasted a lot of energy" - she said. "I propose to use the eggs, because this protein is of the highest quality and are easy to eat."
Special attention - Ca
"Calcium - a very important mineral that is necessary for all women from adolescence" - says an expert on dietary Frederic Vagnini (Frederic Vagnini), MD, director of the anti-aging, Scarsdale, ea. New York. "There is no doubt that he needs."
For bone health, especially if you are taking medications such as corticosteroids, which reduce bone density, take the 1200 - 1500 mg of calcium per day, as with food and in supplements.
"Yogurt is rich in calcium and easy to swallow" - he says.
Take a multivitamin daily
Most nutritionists, including Bellaire, believe that it is desirable to get vitamins from food. Foods rich in vitamins and minerals, and their combined effect is more useful than vitamin supplements. However, no one eats perfectly. Therefore, Bellaire and Vagnini advised to take daily multivitamins.
"I invite everyone to take a multivitamin, especially the elderly and those with a chronic illness" - said Vagnini. According to him, poor appetite - a common problem in old age, which is also exacerbated by the poor condition of the teeth, fatigue, decreased mental clarity.
Do not forget the fiber
According to the American Dietetic Association (ADA), most people need 20 - 35 grams of fiber per day, depending on age and gender. Besides the fact that fiber improves intestinal function, it will help prevent some forms of cancer and heart disease.
"The fiber found in fruits, vegetables, whole grains" - said Vagnini. But if your appetite is disturbed, you can take supplements with fiber or oat bran porridge with milk and fruit.
Fresh fruit - another good source of fiber. Fiber also provides some alternatives in the form of food and beverage bars.
Some drugs cause cancer pain and constipation, in this case, the fiber will help to maintain normal intestinal function. Dr. Vagnini warns that you should not lean solely on the bran because it is important to get calories from other foods.
Include a list of fats
"We encourage people to use the fat from foods such as avocados, and even ice cream" - Sally says Pataki. "We are concerned not so kinds of fats, like calories, because if you lose weight during the illness, it's not just the loss of fat mass, but also a loss of muscle mass, which is very difficult to recover" - she said. "It's important to get enough calories, and fat lot of calories."
Drink fruit juices
"In the fruit has more calories than vegetables, so if you can not eat them raw, eat canned fruit" - Pataki said. "It's also good to drink fresh juices, because if you do not feel well, it's easier to drink than to chew."
"Overall, I am opposed to juices, because they have no fat" - adds Dr. Vagnini. "It is better if a person eats an apple or an orange. But if you are weak, this is a very good way to get nutrients. "
Eat vegetables from the cabbage family
"For the immune function, I recommend eating a daily serving of vegetables from the cabbage family" - says Beller. Brussels sprouts, cabbage, chinese, broccoli, kale, radishes - one of the most potent sources of phytochemicals. This substance, which are located in plants, are rich in antioxidants that fight disease, fiber, vitamins and minerals.
"These products should be used weekly if not daily, as the main product" - she said. "Add them to salads or sandwiches."
Keep a food diary. "The first step - carefully maintained a food diary for at least two weeks. This will help to better assess the intake of calories and nutrients. Then show it to your doctor "- said Vagnini. There should also include beverages, show how you feel after eating, he said. Medications should also be included.
Eat small portions. Eat little and often. "Most people, when they are ill, does not fit all meals" - Pataki said. If a person has no appetite, even three normal meals - a lot. Get plenty of rest: when a person tired, he had a poor appetite. If you can perform exercises such as walking. "It improves the appetite and relieves fatigue" - she said.
Cancer and diet
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