Should avoid iodine deficiency (recommended use of iodized salt, seaweed), to avoid frequent X-ray irradiation of head and neck.
The basis of prevention of thyroid cancer - early treatment of thyroid diseases, timely and systematic passage of preventive check-ups, especially if you think of the troupe at risk (suffering from other diseases of the thyroid gland, were in the past, frequent exposure
|Types of thyroid cancer
Tumors of the thyroid are divided into benign (follicular and papillary adenoma) and zlokachastvennye. Thyroid cancer is divided into:
undifferentiated and anaplastic carcinoma (about 3,5-4%)
Less common sarcoma, lymphoma, fibrosarcoma, squamous cell carcinoma, metastatic cancer, which accounts for 1-2% of all malign... Read more »
|Previous diseases of thyroid cancer in the vast majority of patients are benign neoplasms of the thyroid gland (goiter, adenoma, proliferating tsistadenoma). An indirect confirmation that serves as a higher rate of cancer in areas where widespread endemic goitre. Of particular penchant for malignancy shows proliferating papillary tsistadenoma.
Malignant tumors of the thyroid gland rather are variable in structure, although the predominant epithelial cancers... Read more »
|In nodular goiter oncological indications for surgery are based on ultrasound and clinical suspicion of cancer, a positive fine-needle biopsy, and they are dictated by the favorable conditions for cancer (high levels of genetic predisposition to tumors, a significant deficit in the cellular immune system, hormonal disorders, the presence of tumors of other organs).
Surgical indications are also due to existing or threatening in the future, displacement and v... Read more »
|Thyroid cancer is not frequent localization of tumors. It affects not only people mostly the elderly, which is typical of other key locations, but also in young adolescence and even childhood.
Incidence of thyroid cancer over the past 20 years has more than doubled. Under the influence of environmental factors can be expected to continue to not only increase the number of patients, but mortality from this disease... Read more »