|Radiation therapy of testicular cancer |
For the treatment of cancers can be applied radiotherapy. Its principle is based on the fact that the radiation more sensitive cells, which are characterized by rapid growth and development. These cells include cancer cells.
Radiation therapy refers to local cancer therapy, that is, its impact is only on the tumor itself.
Radiation therapy can be used both as adjuvant and neoadjuvant therapy. This means that radiation therapy may be appointed as after surgery, in addition to, and before it, to the extent possible, to reduce the size of the tumor before surgery.
In addition, radiation therapy used to treat metastatic cancer. In particular, its use in cancer metastases in bone, which allows to deal with pain.
Please note that irradiation of one testicle, the second is usually concealed by a special shield to protect him from fatal radiation.
Among the complications of radiotherapy include the following:
Radiation dermatitis. Occurs when skin irritation radiation. It is manifested by the fact that the skin becomes sensitive, dry and reddened.
Diarrhea. The irradiation of the genitals can touch the beams of radiation and the rectum, which may be manifested by inflammation of the mucous membrane erosions and bleeding.
The irradiation of large bone metastases by radiation may have a suppressive effect in the bone marrow, which is usually found in the bones. This leads to a decrease in blood red cells, white cells and platelets, although not to such an extent as is typical of chemotherapy.
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