|Factors affecting the prognosis (life expectancy and the likelihood of recovery).
The prognosis depends on several factors:
• Stage of disease and tumor size at the start of treatment
Than at an earlier stage detection of cancer of the esophagus and the treatment is started, the greater the chance of full recovery. Unfortunately, most esophageal cancer is detected ... Read more »
|Modern staging system is based on the stages of growth and proliferation of esophageal cancer in the body. On the stage at which detection of cancer of the esophagus depends on the prognosis and treatment options.
Stage 0 (carcinoma in situ): Originally developed esophageal cancer within a layer of flat cells lining the inner surface of the esophagus. At this stage esophageal cancer is extremely difficult to identify. If you are still able to take the suspect... Read more »
|The external factors that contribute to the development of esophageal cancer include poor nutrition, particularly the abuse of very hot food, as well as smoking, alcohol abuse. Smoking increases the risk of disease by 2-4 times. Alcohol abuse - 12 times.
Risk increases with a deficit of vitamins, especially A and C, alkali burn (even many years after exposure).
Precancerous diseases can be regarded as achalasia of the esophagus, the esophagus Berretta ... Read more »
|The clinical picture of cancer of the esophagus rather bright. The first complaint the patient - the feeling of difficulty passing the coarse food down your esophagus. This symptom is called dysphagia, initially expressed mild, and because patients themselves and doctors do not give it due importance, attributing his appearance due to injury of the esophagus rough lump of food or a bone. In contrast to other benign diseases of the esophagus, dysphagia in cancer is n... Read more »
|These symptoms, expressed even in the smallest degree, must cause the most serious suspicion of cancer.
Laboratory studies have played a big role in the diagnosis of esophageal cancer, because anemia usually occurs late. Rather watch a false increase in hemoglobin due to blood clots in malnutrition and dehydration patients.
Diagnostic activities are primarily in the X-ray examination, which reveals narrowing of the esophagus with irregular contours a... Read more »
|Radical treatment of esophageal cancer can be carried out by two methods. Pure radiation treatment by remote gamma-therapy in a certain percentage of cases gives satisfactory results. The same applies to the purely surgical treatment.
Chemotherapy has almost no effect on the duration of life of patients. More encouraging results were obtained with a combination of chemo-and radiotherapy. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy is carried out before surgery, reduce... Read more »
|The basis of prevention of all forms of cancer (including cancer of the esophagus) is the timely detection and treatment of precancerous conditions (in this case - achalasia of the esophagus, esophageal Berretta), as well as identify cancer early, which makes it possible to conduct a successful radical treatment.
It is therefore necessary to systematically checkups and report any violations of the doctor's health, difficulty swallowing, the passage of roughag... Read more »