Bladder cancer tests
Most people begin by seeing their GP. Your GP will ask about your general health and examine you. You may have to give a urine sample, which will be sent away for testing. Your GP may want to examine you internally, to check other nearby organs. To do this they will put a gloved finger into your rectum (back passage) or vagina to see if everything feels normal.
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Transitional cell bladder cancerAbout 9 out of 10 bladder cancers in the UK are transitional cell cancers. Transitional cells line the bladder. There are two main types of transitional cell cancer. They behave in quite different ways. The two types are superficial bladder cancer and invasive bladder cancer. It is important to know which one you have, because the treatment is qu... Read more »
Bladder cancer symptoms
The most common symptom of bladder cancer is blood in the urine. The bleeding is not usually painful. The blood may not be there all the time. It can come and go. If you ever see blood in your urine, it is important to see your doctor.
Sometimes the amounts of blood are so small that you cannot see them. Even if it can’t be seen, blood can be picked up in a urine test.
Other sy... Read more »
|Screening for bladder cancer
Screening means looking for early signs of a particular disease in 'healthy' people who do not have any symptoms. Before you can carry out screening for any type of cancer, doctors must have an accurate test to use. The test must be reliable in picking up cancers that are there. And it must not give false positive results in people who do not have cancer. At the moment there is no reli... Read more »
|Stage of bladder cancer
Once the diagnosis of bladder cancer, the next step - is to establish the characteristics of the tumor. Necessary to answer the following questions:
What is the size and stage of bladder cancer?
It affects only the tumor mucosa of the bladder wall or invades deeper?
Is there a metastasis to regional (pelvic) lymph nodes?
Are there any distant metastasis, such as the liver, lungs... Read more »
|Prognosis of bladder cancer.
What factors depends prognosis of bladder cancer.
It should be noted that the prognosis for bladder cancer, as with other cancers, depends on the stage of the disease, t... Read more »
|Bladder Cancer - Treatment and care at home
If the patient is undergoing treatment for cancer of the bladder radiotherapy or chemotherapy, proper care and treatment at home will help cope with the adverse effects arising from the treatment. Care and treatment at home includes taking the necessary measures to facilitate the frequently occurring complications, which are listed below. If the doctor prescribes a medic... Read more »
|Bladder Cancer - Surgical treatments
There are two main surgical treatment for bladder cancer.
Transuretalnaya resection (TUR), in which the bladder cancer cells are removed.
Tsistoektomiya - surgery to remove all or part of the bladder - is carried out by the cancer spreading (metastasis) in the muscle of the bladder.
Surgical tre... Read more »
|Bladder Cancer - Risk Factors
Bladder Cancer - What are the risk factors for bladder cancer?
The main risk factors for bladder cancer:
- Bladder cancer occurs in smokers twice as likely than non-smokers.
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|Bladder Cancer - Prevention Methods
Prevent cancer of the bladder is not possible, but to reduce the influence of some risk factors for bladder cancer can be.
In smokers with bladder cancer occurs more often than nonsmokers. If a person does not smoke for 1-4 years, the risk of developing bladder cancer decreases by 40%. Do not smoke c... Read more »